美國亞省華人百年歷史回顧 (1)

Achievements of Chinese-Americans in Arizona History (1)

 Article by Homer Zhang 

 

 

On February 14th 2012, Arizona celebrated its 100th anniversary of statehood.  As all ethnic groups in Arizona celebrating the Centennial of their common homeland, the Chinese-Americans revisited their history in the state.

1.Over a Hundred Years of  Arizona Chinese-American History

 

  The earliest statements made by Arizona's Chinese-American found.  (1894)

        The Chinese immigrants came to the United States as early as 1788, twelve years after the founding of the nation in 1776.  It can be said that the Chinese was one of the earliest ethnic groups coming to the county.  When the “Bicentennial Chinese Immigration to America” celebration was officially held in 1988 (the year of the dragon), John Dong (鄧炳仗), President of the Chinese United Association of Greater Phoenix (CUAGP), attended the commemorative event on behalf of the local Chinese-Americans.  

 

 

 
 

          Bicentennial of Chinese Immigration to U.S. (1988) 

 

    

Chinese-Americans have been living in Arizona for over a hundred years. In 1860, the Chinese began to immigrate to Arizona and Mexico. In the same year, or soon after, three Chinese started to grow vegetables for a living in Tucson. The Chinese had been selling vegetables door to door till 1897 according to historical record.

The early Chinese settlers in Yuma area were the first immigrants in Arizona, followed by those who later entered Phoenix and Tucson area. In 1863, the Caucasians established the Phoenix City Council. Two years later the US military also set up post here. The immigration of Chinese to Arizona was not necessarily later than that of Europeans. During the 1860s, Chinese immigrants worked in the mines and as servants, ran restaurants and laundries, managed vegetable farms, and even performed menial labor at the US military quarters. Chinatown began to flourish during the 1870s. Competing with the White Americans for business opportunities, the Chinese had become the target of envy.

In the1880s, the state railway project came to a completion. While some Chinese went to work in the mines, the majority of Chinese came to Phoenix Chinatown. They contributed greatly to its development and prosperity. In 1990, a number of Chinese relics of early 19th century were excavated on the construction site of the Phoenix Stadium in the city center. The government immediately allocated a budget of $ 50,000 for this archaeological discovery. These relics provided sufficient evidence indicating the Chinese had resided in Phoenix even before the City Council was first established in 1863. They endured the toil and hardship, and also shared the stability and prosperity of the city with the Caucasians. In other words, the Chinese were part of the Phoenix city and members of the society.

In the early 1890s, there were fewer than two hundred Chinese in Phoenix Chinatown. The state upheld legislation that discriminated against residents with Chinese ethnicity. In 1892, the anti-Chinese movement began to escalate among the locals, and the media went along. In the same year, Congress passed the Geary Act, prohibiting Chinese residents from becoming US citizens. The Chinatown began to decline since then.

By the early 20th century, the local Chinatown began to flourish again. In the early 1910s, the three major hotels of Chinese, British and French style in Phoenix Chinatown were all owned by the Chinese. Before the 1930s, there were approximately three hundred Chinese residents in Chinatown. The Chinatown then was located between the 1st Street and 3rd Street, bordering Madison and Jefferson. It was and still is today, the central and downtown area of ​​the city of Phoenix.

The Yu Family has over a century history in Phoenix. In the early 20th century, Sing Yee ( Yu Kang ) of the Yee Clan ran the American Kitchen, located on Central Street in downtown Phoenix. It was one of the few Chinese restaurants at that time . Fluent in both Chinese and English, Mr. Yee managed the restaurant well, maintained good relations with the local government and businesses, and helped folks who just arrived in Chinatown.                                                               

According local official records, the number of Chinese in Chinatown was 101 and 448 in 1950. The population increased only by 357 people in a seventy year span.

 
 
      Dea  Hong  Toy (關崇瓊 in the World War I. (1915)  
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
               TOYS  "SHANGRI-LA" restaurant  (1950)

 In 1939, seven Chinese in Phoenix, Deng Kailong (鄧楷隆), Wing F. Ong (鄧悅寧), Deng Xielong (鄧協隆), Deng Yisheng(鄧以笙), Deng Juezhang (鄧抉章), Deng Tongyan (鄧同衍), and Yu Qingzong (余慶宗), registered and founded the first local Chinese organization, "the Chinese Chamber of Commerce". Wing F. Ong (鄧悅寧) served as its first President.

         The Chamber of Commerce organized activities to celebrate the 4th of July Independence Day. For a long time, the Chinese Chamber of Commerce has maintained good relationship with the state and city government. Working with government agencies, it helped Chinese business owners with issues such as sanitation and safety. Designated by the Arizona Immigration Services, it also administered the naturalization test for Arizona Chinese immigrants.

         In the 1970s, there were about 5,000 Chinese in Chinatown. Since the 1980s, the family based immigration had increased tremendously due to the establishment of the Sino-US diplomatic relations. From the 1990s till present, the total number of overseas Chinese population in Arizona has reached to nearly 100,000 with the influx of businessmen and students as well as the Chinese immigrants from Southeast Asian countries. Phoenix has emerged from a border city in the west to a well-known cosmopolitan.

         Nevertheless, the Chinese will not forget their history. At the beginning of 1990, as many Chinatown relics were excavated in downtown Phoenix, the Phoenix Chinese Chamber of Commerce launched the "Phoenix Chinatown Culture and Heritage Exhibition" campaign. With strong support from the local Chinese, the campaign raised nearly $ 20,000. Combining the subsidies from the city government, the total reached over $ 52,000 dollars for the first Phoenix Chinese history exhibition.

 

 

Chinese Chamber of Commerce maintained a good relationship with State Government and municipal departments (1975).

 
2.Contributions of Chinese Americans in Arizona
Chinese Americans joining the army and defending the country

         Over the years, Chinese-Americans in Arizona have joined the military risking their lives for the country. Among them, six were died but information could be found only for the three who served in the Air Force in the World War II.

 

     

         Two Chinese-Americans, Hong Ham and Dea H. Toy (關祟瓊), joined the army during the World War I. Recruited in 1915, Dea was sent to Europe in 1917 and received his Purple Heart Medal for his battle wounds in France.  Dea’s son William K. Toy (關衛理) also joined the army.  He had trained Chinese soldiers in China and fought against the Japanese army in northern Burma.  Gary Toy, Dea’s another son, joined US Air force and was appointed Sergeant.  The two brothers received many military decorations for their service.  William K. Toy stayed in the army for over twenty years, and was promoted lieutenant colonel.  William held the highest military rank among all the Chinese -American soldiers from Arizona. William also served as an instructor in a military academy in Arizona.

Dea H. Toy

William K. Toy

Hong j. "Albert " Ong

 

 

 

 

 

         During World War II, seventy nine Chinese-Americans joined the army, the Navy, the Air Force, and fought fearlessly against the enemies. Four of them were in the Chinese- US Fourteenth Air Force Flying Tigers Mixed Brigade.  Hong j. "Albert "Ong (鄧桐臻) joined the US Air force in 1941, and was the Combat Staff Officer in the Fourteenth Air Force Flying Tigers.  He was deployed to Kunming, Guiling, Chengdu and other places in China.  Ong received an Anti-Japanese War Memorial Medal, an Order of Precious Tripod Medal among other decorations after the war.  Five Chinese-American soldiers sacrificed their lives in World War II. Three of them served in the air force.  The photo below was the four Ong brothers.

        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 When the Korean War broke out in 1950, twenty- three Chinese-Americans from Arizona joined the military. Twenty two Chinese-Americans fought in the Vietnam War from 1961-1972.  A few of them provided clerical and technical supports, and one was a female officer working behind the communication terminals.  Arizona Chinese-Americans also fought in the following Middle East and Afghanistan Wars.   In 1950, forty-four veterans came together to form a Chinese-American veterans organization.  It was later renamed “Deng Xinping (鄧心平) Veterans Association (American Legion Thomas Tang Post 50)”. Three white veterans also joined it. It has become a well-known Chinese-American Veterans organization. 

Successful Chinese-American Politicians

         In 1940, Wing F. Ong (鄧粵寧), a Chinese-American lawyer, run for the State House of Representatives of Arizona for the first time and lost by 17 votes.  In 1946, 42- year- old Wing F. Ong decided to run again. His campaign slogan, “Give the person who knows the law a chance to participate in politics,” won him the votes from Americans and Hispanics/Latinos, Chinese and other Asian immigrants.   He won his campaign and became the first Chinese-American State House Representative who was not born in the United States.  Mr. Ong was reelected and served a second term.  In 1966, Mr. Ong ran for the Arizona State Senate and succeeded, becoming the first Chinese-American who entered the State Legislature.

Wing F. Ong (鄧粵寧)

        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Arizona Chinese-American, Wing F. Ong’s earliest election campaign poster in the 1940’s has great historical value.

         Born in Phoenix, Arizona, Judge Thomas Tang (鄧心平) graduated from the University of Santa Clara with a B.S. He served in the army during the World War II and the Korean War.  After Korean War, he studied law and graduated from the College of Law, University of Arizona.  He was elected to the Phoenix City Council and later the deputy mayor.  In 1977, President Jimmy Carter appointed Tang as the United States Circuit Judge for the Ninth Circuit covering ten states including Washington, California, Arizona, and Nevada.  His achievement at the judicial branch has never been surpassed by any other Chinese-American.

Judge Thomas Tang

Among the city mayors in the United States, three of them are Chinese-Americans from Arizona. 

         In 1979, Edmund Tang (鄧達明) was elected as the mayor of Peoria.  Edmund Tang had to work very hard to win the elections, as there were then only two Chinese-American families in the city, and the majority of the voters were Caucasian and Hispanic/Latinos.  He succeeded and served three consecutive terms. Edmund received the honorary title, the Mayor Emeritus of Peoria for his 30 years’ service from 1955-1985. He is an outstanding role model for the Chinese-American politicians.

Edmund Tang  (鄧達明)

         The next one to be mentioned is Willie Wong (鄧偉利), Mayor of Mesa, Arizona. Willie Wong graduated from Arizona State University.  He had worked at AT&T for over twenty years.  He held various titles and positions such as chairman of Mesa YMCA, President of City Council of the City of Mesa, President of Maricopa Association of Governments, Deputy Mayor of Mesa from 1988-89, and was elected Mayor of Mesa in 1993.  At that time, the City of Mesa became the most populous American city administered by a Chinese-American mayor.  Given the fact that the Asian population in the city of Mesa at his time accounted for only 1%, the success of his political career was even more extraordinary.  During his tenure, Wong led the Sister Cities Commission of Mesa to China and established the sister city relationships with Kaiping (開平市), China.

 
Willie Wong (鄧偉利)

         The third one is Dingqi Deng (鄧鼎奇). Dingqi Deng was elected as the Mayor of Superior City, Arizona in 2009.  Dingqi’s grandfather managed a grocery store in his early years.  A local street was named after him for his contributions to the community.  Dingqi was born in the US. He studied Agricultural Science at college, but became a successful businessman.  He won his mayoral election after entering politics.

 
DinQi Deng (鄧鼎奇)
 

         Hong J. “Albert” Ong (鄧桐臻) received his Bachelor of Business Administration from Northern Arizona University in 1952, and later served as a member of Holbrook City Council. After moving to Phoenix in 1978, he started to participate in the construction of the Chinese Senior Center. Well versed in both Chinese and Western learning, Mr. Ong collaborated closely with the city government on the project. After three years of continuous effort, the construction of the first Chinese Senior Center was completed in 1981.

Arizona State Government presented an award to Hong J. “Albert” Ong (鄧桐臻)

         University with a degree in mathematics, he went to law school at University of Arizona in Tucson. He got his license and practiced law afterwards.  He started to work in the State Senate assisting in parliamentary legislation in 1993 and became a member of Arizona House of Representatives the same year.  Mr. Wong is the second Chinese-American who has entered the state legislature in Arizona history. He was elected again a year later, and made great contributions during his eight-year tenure.

Barry Ong (黃仕鈞)

         Kimberly Yee (余艷芬) received her Master of Public Administration from Arizona State University. She was the office manager of Communication and Government Affairs for the Office of Arizona Treasurer. Elected to the State House in 2010, Ms. Yee became the first congresswoman of Chinese ethnicity in Arizona 100 years of history. 

Kimberly  Yee  (余艷芬)

         John M. Yee, who is recognized by the mainstream society as a senior and well respected Chinese community leader, has served the Chinese community throughout his life, and was received “Service Overseas Chinese Lifetime Achievement Award” in 2011.

 
John M. Yee (余文勁)

      Gray Ong (鄧朝駒) was appointed by President Bush as a member of President’s Advisory Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. He attended the Hong Kong and Macao Handover Ceremonies on behalf of Arizona Chinese-American communities.

 
Garry Ong (鄧朝駒)

        In addition to many accomplishments Arizona Chinese-Americans have made in politics and military, the successes and contributions in other professions and trades have been too numerous to mention.   

 

 

 

3.Activities and Significant Events of the Chinese-American Community

celebrating Independence Day

         Chinese-Americans in Greater Phoenix have been celebrating Independence Day in many locations in Phoenix since 1937.  In 1970, CUAGP began to host the festivity. For over 70 years, Chinese-Americans have sought for recognition and fought against prejudices. Chinese culture has also been promoted through these events. The annual celebrations have caught the attention of mainstream society and won their support. Governor Bruce E. Babbitt attended the celebration in 1979. Over the years, many local luminaires appeared at the celebrations and the Miss Phoenix Chinese Pageant events.

U.S. Bicentennial Celebration (1976) CUAGP’s The first U.S Celebration book (1978)

Governor Bruce E. Babbitt at the Celebration (1978)

         Phoenix Mayor Skip Rimsza once sent his congratulatory message, “I would like to welcome everyone who is here to celebrate the Independence Day with the Chinese American community. You have been celebrating this historical day since the late 1930s. Starting with the flag raising ceremony by American Legion Thomas Tang Post 50, as usual, it includes such fun activities as pageantry, ethnic dances and food. I would like to thank everyone for coming and wish you all a safe amazing day.” Governor Jane Dee Hull also sent her congratulations, “On behalf of the State of Arizona, I would like to extend a warm welcome to those attending the Chinese United Association of Greater Phoenix’s 4th of July Celebration. 4th of July is a time for celebration and reflection for our nation and I am pleased to honor and recognize this year’s festivity. Thank you for your active involvement and valuable contribution to the Chinese community. I commend you for your commitment and dedication to the citizens of Arizona. You have done a wonderful job to keep the community spirit strong.”

Chinese-Americans have been celebrating Independence Day for more than 70 years.

CUAGP’s 42 years of hosting Independence Day Celebration and Miss Phoenix Chinese Pageant 

Maintaining Communication with Mainstream Society and Promoting Harmony within the Community

         From 1970s to 1990s, Great Wall and Hua Mei were the two biggest and most successful Chinese restaurants. They were also the venues for hosting interactive events between mainstream society and the local Chinese-American community. CUAGP has hosted many fundraising dinners for candidates who run for governor and mayor, and for the House and Senate. Local Chinese and the mainstream have maintained a good relationship through these activities. CUAGP has been a positive force since its founding. For over 50 years, CUAGP strives to keep the community united and stable. A harmonized and progressive Chinese community is also one indispensable factor to maintain the stability and prosperity of the big Arizona multi-ethnic family. 

Politicians attended the fundraising dinner at the Great Wall restaurant (1977)

Chinese-American community maintains a good relationship with the mainstream society.

Chinese-Americans have made great accomplishments in various areas.

Chronology of  Significant Events in the Chinese-American Community

 

        The significant events of the Chinese-American community include:

  • The founding of the first Chinese Merchants Organization in 1939,

  •  The founding of CUAGP in 1968,

  • The all Chinese-American Bicentennial Independence Day
    celebration in 1976,

  • CUAGP's 42 years of national day festivities,

  •  CUAGP's Miss Phoenix Chinese Pageants with 30 Miss Phoenix Chinese winning the titles,

  • The International Lions Clubs'64th annual conference was held in Phoenix in 1981 More than 20,000 members from over150 countries, around the world attended the conference; CUAGP led the grand parade with more than 100 floats,

  • Phoenix and Taipei became sister cities in March, 1979, and the State of Arizona and Taiwan sister states in March a year later,

  •  Senator Goldwater and Foreign Minister Fu Qian of Taiwan met with the CUAGP's chairman  John Dong (鄧炳仗) in 1983,

  • Governor Babbitt visited Taiwan in March, 1984,

  •  Chinese-Americans held big celebrations for the 100th anniversary of the Republic of China, and for the election and reelection of President, Yingjiu Ma (馬英九), because of the close relationship between Taiwan and Arizona over the years.

Over 20,000 members from more than 150 countries worldwide attended the International Lions Club annual conference in 1981 with over a hundred floats in the parade. 

Senate Goldwater and Foreign Minister Fu Qian of Taiwan met with the CUAGP’s chairman John Dong (鄧炳仗) in 1978.
 
Centennial Celebration of the Republic of China in 2011
 

         With regard to education, the Chinese linguistic schools and student enrolment have continuously been increasing since 1980. In addition, the constructions of the Senior Center and the two apartments for elderly allowed elderly Chinese-Americans enjoy their remaining years.

Dance Performance by Chinese Linguistic School of Phoenix Students.

 
Chinese-American Seniors Enjoying Their Happy lives.
 

         In 1985, Phoenix and Chengdu, China became sister cities.   The Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in San Francisco paid his first visit to Phoenix in August, 1991.  In recent years, due to the efforts made by the local Chinese-Americans in Phoenix, more cities in Arizona and China have become sister cities -- Tempe and Zhenjiang Shi (鎮江市), Gilbert and Leshan Shi (樂山市), Scottsdale and Haikou Shi (海口市).  In 2009, Arizona Chinese-Americans held a grand celebration for the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC During his visit in 2010, Bangguo Wu (吳邦國),

          Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of PRC received warm welcome from the Arizona state government and local Chinese community.  These important events have not only helped increase the image of Chinese Americans in the eyes of both the state and city governments, but also strengthened the relationship between Arizona Chinese-Americans and their home country.  The Chinese-Americans in Arizona have made great contributions in promoting continuous progress in trade and cultural exchange between Arizona and China.

 
 

Willie Wong led the Sister Cities Commission of Mesa to China and established the sister city relationships with Kaiping (開平), China in 1994.

 

Mid-Autumn Festival and PRC Nation Day Celebration, “the Evening of Phoenix,” sponsored by ARIZONA CHINESE UNITED ASSOCIATION (ACUA).

 

Arizona Chinese-Americans held a grand celebration for the 60 th anniversary of the People Republic of China in 2009.

 

The Chinese Week

         The Chinese Week, founded by CUAGP in 1991, has broad and profound impact on mainstream society in Arizona.  The event held in Phoenix Chinatown attracts nearly 200,000 people with various ethnicities annually.  Chinese culture and the ancient oriental civilization are introduced during the week. Each year, the Chinese Week features performances by artists from sister cities of Chengdu and Taipei, by the students from Chinese linguistic schools and the Chinese-American associations.  Chinese cuisines, folk arts and crafts, and customs and traditions arouse local people’s interests in learning Chinese culture.  

         As a result, we see American children performing Chinese dances and African-Americans playing Chinese Gong Fu. Chinese has become one of the foreign language classes offered at schools, and Confucius Institutes were established in state universities. We see people bustling to Chinatown to visit Chinese gardens, to enjoy Chinese folk arts, and to buy Chinese products. The Americans with children adopted from China come to Chinatown to look for Chinese culture. Over the years, the function of Chinatown has extended far beyond that of business operation and taxation. Likewise, the Chinese Week has become a platform for fostering friendship between China and America, and a window to exhibit the Chinese culture.

Founded in 1991 by CUAGP, the Chinese Week had 21 years of history in 2012. 

 

Chinese-Americans Active Participation in Charitable Activities

         Founded in 1960, the Desert Jade Woman’s Club conduced fundraising and contributed money to Arizona mainstream society over the years.  The donation recipients included Phoenix Thumper Cardiac Care Unit, the Fire Department in Glendale, and the Phoenix City Police Department Financial Assistance Fund for the Abused Children.  The Club also provided scholarships for years.  It contributed $46,000 to the

         Asian Galleries of the Phoenix Art Museum, donated money to St. Vincent de Paul free medical and dental clinics, and gave over $10,000

 and 300 books to the Brunson-Lee Elementary School.  In 2004, Desert Jade Asian Gallery Friends of the Arts Endowment Fund was established, and more than $25,000 was donated to the Phoenix Art Museum within five years. The Club’s charity work has continuously enhanced the image of Chinese-Americans in the mainstream society.

 

The charity work of Desert Jade Woman’s Club continuously enhanced the image of the Chinese-Americans in the mainstream society (2010).

 

         The other Overseas Chinese women’s Club organization in Arizona has also made great achievements.  Its mission is to help the elders and care for the young. Over the past thirty years, its members demonstrated the traditional Chinese virtue of sparing no effort to serve the seniors and caring for the children. They have helped the Chinese linguistic schools, and conducted many fundraising events. They have raised over $50,000 for Chinese Americans in need, schools, senior centers and sponsoring programs. They have been actively participating in every event organized by the Chinese-American community.

 

 

 

 

The Overseas Chinese women’s Club insists on charity work and is regarded as “Happy Nut” by the Chinese-American community in Phoenix. (1997)

         In the 1970s, the local Chinese-Americans launched the first charity event and raised $150,000 for the construction of the Chinese-American Senior Center.  In the 1980s, they donated money to build the Chinese Linguistic School. In the 1990s, John Yee and other leaders of the Chinese-American community once launched a fundraising event and raised nearly $300,000 dollars for the expansion of the Chinese-American Senior Center.  That event has collected the most donations in Arizona Chinese-American history.  Over the years, the local Chinese-Americans had actively and generously contributed donations to disaster relief such as the flood in southeast China and the 9/11 attack.  They also donated money to help build Beijing National Aquatics Center. After the 2008 earthquake in Sichuan, China, Chinese-Americans, together with the mainstream society, held fundraising activities and donated over $250,000 to the disaster area.

         Regarding the welfare and charity within the state, Arizona Chinese-Americans are unwilling to fall behind.  Arizona Chinese-American charitable organizations have long helped numerous people in need.  Likewise, the Chinese Restaurant Association of Arizona (CRAA) has provided meals on the New Year’s eve for hundreds of homeless over the years.   

Arizona Chinese-American charitable organizations have long helped numerous people in need.

 

Chinese Restaurant Association of Arizona (CRAA) provides meals for hundreds of homeless.   

 

4.The Chinese-American community caught more attention and received assistance from the government.

         The Chinese-Americans have caught attentions and received assistances from the government for years, due to their own efforts, and their achievements in public service from which they have also gained valuable experience.  When applying for funding to build Kong Ning House Apartment, they received over $1,300,000 from the government.  They also got financial assistance from the government for the expansion of the senior center.  In 2008, the government funding even reached a whopping 5.4 million dollars, when CUAGP and Phoenix Chinese Senior Citizen Association (PCSCA) applied for the construction of the Kong Lok Senior Housing Center.  Now, the construction of the Kong Lok Senior Housing Center was completed and put to use.

 

 

 

Receiving over 1.3 million federal government funding for the construction of the Kong Lok Senior Housing Center, Wenyu Yee couple and John Yee couple met with Congressman Bob Stump.

 

 

 

 

The PCSCA often receives commendations from the government for their accomplishments.
 

The completion of the Kong Lok Senior Housing Center in 2011.

 

         In 2008, Secretary of Labor, Elaine Chao visited the Chinese-American community in Arizona and received a warm welcome. The incumbent Arizona Governor Jan Brewer attached great importance to the relations with China.  She visited Beijing in 2011, which was her second visit to China, and expected to cooperate with China in renewable energy.  Currently, 5,400 enterprises in Arizona have business relations with China.  The Governor also pays a lot of attentions to the local Chinese-Americans, and commends them for their contributions to the big Arizona multi-ethnic family.  In April 2011, she signed the first Act about the protection of women proposed by Kimberly Yee, the Chinese-American State Representative.  She sent congratulatory letters to the Chinese Americans when they celebrated the American National Day.  On Jan. 31st, 2013, Governor Jan Brewer received a warm

         welcome when she attended the CUAGP’s New Year Festive Banquet and delivered speech.  The Arizona Chinese-American community also supports the Governor, and appreciates the attentions received from the state and municipal governments.

 

Lung Kong Tin Yee Association presented an award plaque to Secretary of Labor, Elaine Chao in 2008.

 

Governor Jan Brewer welcomed Bangguo Wu (吳邦國), Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of PRC. (2009)

Governor Jan Brewer received a warm welcome when she delivered a speech at the CUAGP’s New Year Festive Banquet. (2013) 

        A final note: he is no longer an alien in this foreign land, as it has become his homeland over time.  As we celebrated the Centennial of Arizona, the Chinese-Americans reflected on their own history in the state -- from pioneering hardships to the opening-up of a new prospect and from being discriminated against to being respected.  Chinese immigrants have come a long way in the past 100 years.  Through perseverance and hard work, Chinese-Americans have made outstanding achievements in politics, military and other professions.  Chinese-American community associations have also made a great impact.  Looking ahead, the Chinese-Americans in Arizona will continue striving for excellence and pursuing greater success.

(Homer Zhang Written history of Achievements of Chinese- Americans in Arizona History Is included in collection , by the US Library of Congress and major cities and university library collection; Homer Zhang won the special award.)
 
 

張肇鴻撰寫的美國亞省華人百年歷史回顧】 收録在華人歷史文集“沙漠明珠”(Desert gems)中,被美國國會圖書館和各大城市及大學圖書館收藏;張肇鴻獲得僑聯頒發的特別獎。

中文版( Chinese)  http://www.paaca.us/100year_az.htm

 

 

 

 

Information Contact: homerzhang@hotmail.com